How to first aid a dog’s first aid and nursing common sense
Dogdog’s first aid versusNursing
Eye injury: When a foreign body enters the eye, first use force to hold the dog so that it cannot move, then gently open the upper and lower eyelids, and flush from the top when the foreign body is found. Don’t put it in an overly bright environment. If you can’t get medical attention right away, you can put a few drops of medical olive oil into its eyes as a first aid method. Prevent the dog from rubbing the injured eyes with paws or rubbing the eyes with things. If a foreign body pierces the eyeball, first use a clip with a round tip to carefully remove it. When a stab wound occurs, first cover the wound with gauze to stop the bleeding, and then bandage the wound. Then take it to the vet.
Ear injury: When a dog’s ear is bleeding, it should be diagnosed by a veterinarian. Put the gauze on the head, put the ear on the gauze, and put the gauze on the wound. Press it to stop the bleeding with your hand, and then wrap it with a bandage.
Mouth injury: When the dog’s mouth is bleeding, let it sit down with its head down first, and overlap many pieces of gauze to stop the bleeding by compression. When the tongue is injured, pull out the tongue gently, or let the dog open its mouth, and press the injured part for 5 minutes to stop the bleeding.
Foreign body in the throat: When a foreign body is swallowed by mistake, the dog will have symptoms such as difficulty breathing and wheezing, and Jing will keep scratching his face with his feet. At this time, you should hold down the dog so that it does not move, and then wrap the cloth with your fingers, pull out the tongue, use a flashlight to observe the depth of the throat, and when you find a foreign object, use a round-head clip to pick it out. If the infarction is severe and the above methods are ineffective, you must be sent to a doctor for treatment, and if necessary, an esophagotomy will be performed to remove the foreign body.
Poisoning: Dogs are sometimes poisoned by chemicals, especially when removing insects, you must remove the collar and rope, soak the dog in warm water, or rinse the whole body with a hose to wash off the poison. If the dog is poisoned by eating spoiled food or accidentally ingested food sprinkled with pesticides, or accidentally drunk the contaminated ground water in the area where the medicine is sprayed and is poisoned, first feed it with milk to dilute the venom, or feed it with salt water to induce vomiting before sending to a doctor. It is necessary to pay attention to the breathing state at all times, and perform artificial respiration if necessary. If breathing stops due to shock, first aid should be given as soon as possible.
Cramps and cramps: When cramps or cramps occur, or within 15 minutes after the end, do not touch the dog with your hands or give drinks. You should remove the surrounding dangerous objects and remove the rope tied to the dog’s neck After the spasm stops, observe the dog’s breathing, and then give artificial respiration as appropriate. At this time, the opening method and the compression method must be decided according to the size of the dog. Listen carefully to determine whether the lungs are expelling air. Repeat this action for one minute at a rate of once every 5 seconds.
Scald: The treatment of scald should be decided according to the degree. When the dog’s body hair is scorched and the skin becomes red, apply cold water for ten minutes, and then apply gauze to the affected area and send it to a doctor for treatment. If all the body hair is burned off and the skin turns red, the dog’s shock state must be dealt with first, and then carefully wrap the burned area with gauze, and immediately send it to a doctor. When dealing with a dog’s shock, you should first let the dog lie on its side, make it quiet, open the mouth, pull out the tongue to keep it breathing, if it is cold, put on a blanket, but it must not be too warm. In addition, you should carefully observe the breathing situation.
Electric shock: Never panic to hug or touch the dog when getting an electric shock. The power supply should be cut off first. When the power supply cannot be cut off, use a bamboo pole or wooden board to move the dog’s body. When a dog gets an electric shock, the corners of his mouth will become red and ulcerate, and she will shed a lot of saliva and fall into a state of collapse. If necessary, give artificial respiration, measure body temperature and check the condition of burns, give first aid and send to a doctor.
Fracture: Do not move the fracture site when the dog is fractured. After hemostasis and shock treatment, use wooden strips to clamp both sides of the fracture to fix it, and then wrap gauze on it. The length of the wooden strip is longer than the two sides of the fracture, and then send it quickly. medical.
Shock: In emergency shock, the pet’s pulse is weakened, the body temperature is lowered, the breathing increases, and the physique is weak. In the first aid, first clean the mouth, adjust the head to be lower than the heart, keep it warm, and then immediately ask the veterinarian for diagnosis and treatment.
Artificial respiration: When the dog stops breathing for 5″6 minutes due to brain injury or other reasons, artificial respiration should be performed immediately. The procedure is to put the dog on its side, straighten its head and pull out the tongue, and remove the mouth and mouth with a clean cloth or gauze. Mucus or foreign body in the throat, then press the chest firmly and softly behind the elbow, stop for a few seconds after pressing, let go for a few seconds, and repeat this process until you start breathing.
Hemostasis: There are three methods of hemostasis, namely hand pressure to stop bleeding, bandage compression to stop bleeding and tourniquet to stop bleeding. Hand pressure to stop bleeding can be done with a clean cloth or gauze block, press tightly on the wound for 4″5 minutes, and then gently reduce the pressure; if the bleeding continues, stop for a while, put gauze on the wound, and then use a bandage to compress and stop the bleeding: Bandage for 1 hour, untie the bandage and check to see if the bleeding has stopped and the tightness of the bandage. When hand pressure and bandage stop bleeding are not effective, or the wound shows jet-like bleeding, you can use a tourniquet to stop the bleeding. Tighten the tourniquet “above the wound” , Loosen the tourniquet every 15-40 minutes.
The local wound should be cleaned first when bandaging. If there is a local trauma, it can be cleaned with antibiotic solution, wipe it dry and wrap it with cotton wool or gauze. If there is a fracture, try to align the two broken ends with a piece of cardboard or thin bamboo outside the cotton or gauze, and then tie it with gauze. , Send to the animal hospital as soon as possible; if the local swelling after binding, loosen the bandage again. When putting on a bandage, remember to fasten the bandage firmly but not too tightly, so as not to hinder local blood circulation.
Disinfection of bites and stab wounds: When bleeding, the bleeding must be stopped first, then the wound should be washed with water, and then disinfected with weak irritating iodine. Do not apply ointment before sending to the veterinary clinic for treatment.